Product certification | From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Product certification or product qualification is the process of certifying that a certain product has passed performance tests and quality assurance tests, and meets qualification criteria stipulated in contracts, regulations, or specifications (typically called Certification Schemes in the Product Certification industry).
Most Product Certification Bodies (or Product Certifiers) are accredited to ISO/IEC Guide 65:1996, an international standard for ensuring competence in those organizations performing product certifications. The organizations which perform this accreditation are called Accreditation Bodies, and they themselves are assessed by international peers against the ISO 17011 standard. Accreditation Bodies which participate in the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) Multilateral Agreement (MLA) also ensure that these accredited Product Certifiers meet additional requirements set forth in the publicly available document "IAF GD5:2006 - IAF Guidance on the Application of ISO/IEC Guide 65:1996" available at http://www.iaf.nu/articles/Guidance_Documents/31.
Examples of some Certification Schemes include the Safety Equipment Institute for protective headgear, the Federal Communications Commission Telecommunication Certification Body (TCB) program for radio communication devices, the Environmental Protection Agency ENERGY STAR program, the IECEE Product Safety Certification Body Scheme (IEECE CB Scheme), and the GREENGUARD Environmental Institute Indoor Air Quality program. Certification Schemes are typically written to include both the performance test methods that the product must be tested to, as well as the criteria which the product must meet to become Certified.
Certifications (and the certificates that document their existence) are often called certs in the everyday jargon of various industries.